Are Rideshares Engaged in a Joint Enterprise or Joint Venture with Their Drivers?

Ridesharing services like Uber and Lyft have revolutionized the transportation industry, offering convenience and flexibility for both drivers and passengers. However, this modern mode of transport raises important legal questions, especially concerning liability in personal injury cases. One critical issue is whether rideshare companies are engaged in a joint enterprise or joint venture with their drivers. Understanding this distinction is vital for anyone involved in a rideshare-related accident in Texas.

What is a Joint Enterprise or Joint Venture?

In Texas, a joint enterprise or joint venture involves an agreement between two or more parties to pursue a common business purpose, sharing profits and losses equally. This concept can affect liability in personal injury cases because each party in the joint enterprise can be held responsible for the actions of the other parties.

Rideshare Companies and Their Drivers: The Debate

Rideshare companies generally classify their drivers as independent contractors rather than employees. This classification is crucial because it influences whether the relationship between the company and its drivers constitutes a joint enterprise or joint venture.

Arguments for Joint Enterprise

  1. Shared Profits: Rideshare companies and their drivers share the profits from each ride. While drivers receive a percentage of the fare, the company retains a portion as well.
  2. Common Business Purpose: Both the company and the drivers have a common goal of providing transportation services to passengers.
  3. Control and Supervision: Rideshare companies exercise a certain level of control over their drivers, such as setting fare prices, providing the platform, and sometimes even requiring specific standards for vehicles and driver behavior.

Arguments Against Joint Enterprise

  1. Independent Contractor Status: Rideshare companies argue that drivers are independent contractors, not employees, which means they operate their own businesses independently of the rideshare platform.
  2. Lack of Equal Control: Drivers have significant control over their schedules, routes, and acceptance of rides, which differs from traditional employer-employee relationships.
  3. Profit and Loss: Drivers bear the costs of their vehicles, maintenance, fuel, and other expenses, unlike a joint enterprise where profits and losses are typically shared more equally.

Determining whether a joint enterprise exists between rideshare companies and their drivers can significantly impact personal injury claims. If courts determine that a joint enterprise exists, rideshare companies could be held liable for accidents caused by their drivers. This liability could lead to higher compensation for accident victims.


The question of whether rideshare companies and their drivers are engaged in a joint enterprise or joint venture is complex and evolving. For individuals involved in rideshare-related accidents, understanding this distinction is crucial for pursuing personal injury claims. At Ryan Orsatti Law, we specialize in plaintiff personal injury law in Texas and can help you navigate these complex legal waters. Contact us today to discuss your case and explore your options.