Understanding District, County, and Federal Court in Personal Injury Cases

When dealing with personal injury cases, it’s essential to understand the differences between the various types of courts where these cases might be heard. In Texas, personal injury cases can be filed in Civil District Court, Civil County Court, or Federal Court, depending on the specifics of the case. Knowing which court is appropriate can significantly impact the outcome of your case.

Civil District Court

Civil District Courts in Texas handle a wide range of cases, including personal injury claims. These courts generally have jurisdiction over more significant and complex cases. In Texas, Civil District Courts have jurisdiction over cases involving disputes over $200, but in practice, they typically handle cases involving much higher amounts. These courts are also the primary venue for lawsuits involving larger sums of money or more severe injuries.

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For more detailed information on the jurisdiction and functioning of Civil District Courts, you can visit the Texas Courts official website.

Civil County Court

Civil County Courts, also known as County Courts at Law, are another venue for personal injury cases in Texas. These courts handle cases with smaller claim amounts and less complex issues than those typically seen in District Courts. County Courts at Law have concurrent jurisdiction with District Courts in cases where the amount in controversy is between $500 and $200,000.

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For more information about Civil County Courts, refer to the Texas Judicial Branch website.

Federal Court

Federal Courts can hear personal injury cases under specific circumstances. These include cases where the parties are from different states (diversity jurisdiction) and where the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. Additionally, Federal Courts handle cases involving federal laws and regulations.

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For more information on Federal Courts, you can visit the United States Courts official website.

Choosing the Right Court for Your Personal Injury Case

The choice of court can affect many aspects of a personal injury case, including the complexity of legal procedures, the timeline for resolution, and the potential compensation. It’s crucial to consult with an experienced personal injury attorney to determine the most appropriate court for your case. At Ryan Orsatti Law, we specialize in guiding our clients through these decisions to ensure the best possible outcomes.

Contact Us today for a free consultation to discuss your personal injury case and determine the best legal strategy for you.


Understanding the distinctions between Civil District Court, Civil County Court, and Federal Court is vital for anyone involved in a personal injury case. Each court has unique jurisdictions and handles different types of cases, so knowing where to file your case can make a significant difference in its resolution. For more personalized guidance, reach out to our team at Ryan Orsatti Law.

Ryan Orsatti Law: Dedicated to fighting for your rights and ensuring you receive the compensation you deserve.

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